Tag Archives: Cadillac

New Astra to Become a Buick? Managing Brand Isn’t Getting Any Easier

DETROIT – Our European correspondent, Paul Horrell calls the 2010 Opel Astra “one of the best compact hatches the world has to offer.” His story asks; will it come here? The answer is “yes,” in a way. Buick’s 2012 Cruze-based compact (on the Delta platform), designed to anchor the lower end of its New GM lineup, will wear the sheetmetal of the notchback sedan version of the Astra, a source close to matter tells me. I don’t know what it will be called. We haven’t seen the conventional sedan version of the new Astra yet. We can guess it will be very similar to the hatchback, retaining its “sweeping” look, with the sculpted blade in the bodyside and the strong shoulders.The new Astra hatchback’s wheelbase is three inches longer than the old Astra’s, and it’s 174 inches overall, though the version with the trunk may be closer to the Cruze’s 181-inch overall length. The old Opel/Vauxhall Astra hatchback served as the Saturn Astra, a model that sold so poorly here that Saturn didn’t import any for the 2009 model year. While Saturn was designated as GM’s import-fighter, and thus was briefly the portal for Opel designs, that brand now is headed for Penske Automotive. Anyway, GM recognized that the Opel Insignia’s design and the premium level of its interior better fit its intended direction for Buick. GM wants to return both Opel and Buick to their old positions as sub-luxury premium brands. It’s similar, but not the same as Ford Motor Company’s Mercury division, which is about to transform from badge-engineered Fords to European models. Does the new Opel Astra fit? Horrell reports the car “derives much of its upscale feel and design from the Insignia.” I don’t know whether the Buick version will get the Astra’s suspension upgrades over the Chevrolet Cruze, but it should. The Opel’s front suspension has supplementary rebound springs to take the load off the front anti-roll bar, and reduce understeer, and a Watts linkage supplements the torsion beam rear axle for better axle articulation than from a cheaper Panhard rod. “This design allows the bushings that take the lateral loads to be separated from those that take the longitudinal,” Horrell explains. “The former are stiff — for handling finesse — while the latter are soft for ride comfort.”Opels are tuned typically for European roads, which means the new Astra’s suspension may prove too stiff for a traditional Buick ride. We’ll have to wait and see whether GM engineers will even try to get the right compromise from this setup. If GM is serious about revitalizing the core differences between Chevy, Buick, GMC and Cadillac models, though, it had better figure out a way to make the Buick compact different from the Chevy Cruze beneath the skin.I’m not quite as confident about GM’s announcement at the Center for Automotive Research’s Management Briefing Seminars in Traverse City, Michigan, that Buick will have an also-unnamed 2012 plug-in hybrid model in showrooms in ’11. The compact crossover, which makes its debut next year as an ’11 model with conventional engines, is the current Saturn Vue with some new sheetmetal. GM engineers were hard at work to introduce the plug-in hybrid powertrain for that model when the company gave up on the brand. The gas engines will be the direct-injection 2.4-liter four and 3.0-liter V-6 now proliferating through GM’s small and midsize lineup, and the plug-in hybrid will feature LG Chem lithium ion batteries and the 3.6-liter gas direct-injection V-6.I have no argument against Buick getting a plug-in hybrid. In fact, it probably can better absorb the system’s cost with a higher price than GM could charge for a Chevy or GMC model. The problem is that the rest of GM has moved on, with the 2010 Chevy Equinox and GMC Terrain (replacing the Pontiac Torrent) reviewed as being far superior to their predecessors. The Saturn Vue/new Buick is another version of those predecessors. These days, though, GM can’t afford to throw away any well-developed technology. Technologies being developed for eight brands must find their way into the surviving four. And the plug-in Vue was well on its way. Perhaps the Buick crossover should be sold as plug-in only. This Buick will share showrooms with the dynamically superior (though design-challenged) GMC Terrain. And with Buick’s own Enclave. That large crossover re-established the Buick brand as a legitimate premium nameplate. Let’s hope the new smaller crossover and the Astra-based compact don’t damage the progress the Enclave has made.
Source : blogs.motortrend.com/6540547/car-news/new-astra-to-become-a-buick-managing-brand-isnt-getting-any-easier/index.html

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July Sales: Cash for Clunkers Spurs FoMoCo; Toyota Regains Second-Place

DETROIT – Ford Motor Company is ebullient about its first year-over-year sales increase since November 2007. Total Ford-Lincoln-Mercury sales, including fleet, rose 2 percent in July 2009 compared with July 2008, and of that, retail sales rose 9 percent. Still, it’s too early to party. The Great Recession isn’t over yet.”Right now, the legs under the economy are not strong enough to sustain a 14-16 million sales rate as we saw at the end of July,” says Ford analyst George Pipas. “A sales increase in July is not the end of the journey.”Aside from the minor increase compared with a very weak July ’08, when gasoline averaged $4.11 per gallon, Ford proved through individual model sales that the Cash for Clunkers program helped move fuel-efficient metal. Probably not coincidentally, the low-priced cars and trucks that consumers who until now were driving clunkers could afford to buy moved the most. Ford Focus sales surpassed Fusion sales, although both models were up compared with last year. Even though a four-cylinder Fusion is within a couple mpg city/highway, the smaller, cheaper Focus easily outsold the Fusion, 21,830 (up 43.6 percent) to 17,610 (up 66 percent).The redesigned-for-2009 Focus became Ford’s darling when gas topped $4 per gallon. Earlier this year, the facelifted 2010 Fusion was Ford’s savior in some of the slowest sales months in decades. Advertising dollars targeting new models helps.If Cash for Clunkers money drew a lot of prospective buyers to Ford lots in the last week, I’ve got to bet that some of those consumers trading in ’90s Explorers chose, say an $18,000-list Focus over a $23,000-list Fusion because it better met their budgets. Many of those clunkers undoubtedly were third or even fourth cars, driven by the high schoolers in the family. Estimates of how much oil the program saves may be a bit of a stretch.No matter. The program is a success for bringing consumers back into the market — either those who have been holding off or those who figured credit had dried up so much, it wasn’t worth it to walk into a showroom. General Motors estimates July sales for all makers totaled an annual rate that would equal about 11.3-million vehicles, marking the first month in 2009 above the 10-million level.And GM has just announced a lease program with U.S. Bank for Chevrolets, Buicks, GMCs and Cadillacs (its core four in North America) for New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Michigan and Ohio through August 31. U.S. Bank leases for the new Cadillac SRX are available nationwide.Meanwhile, Chrysler says that The Wall Street Journal got it wrong Monday morning. Chrysler will continue to offer matching incentives of up to $4500 on certain models whether you bring in a clunker or not. Obviously, if your local dealer is out of, say, 2009 PT Cruisers, you’re not going to get $4500 off a 2010 model. And so, to the numbers:GM: 189,443, off 19.4 percent.Inventory of about 466,000 is the lowest on record, says sales veep Mark LaNeve.With inventories dropping for all automakers, the deals aren’t likely to get any more desperate.Chevy division sales were relatively strong, at 124,948, still down 9.3 percent.Equinox was a rare gainer, up 77.8 percent to 10,834. About 60 percent were ’10 models, and most of those were four-bangers.Buick Enclave remains strong, selling 3,797, off 2.5 percent.Cadillac, at 6,171, off 52.6 percent, was the biggest loser of the core four.Saab was off 71.7 percent to 574 and Hummer was off 57.4 percent to 799.Impala was up 9.6 percent to 14,649 but Malibu was off 7.8 percent to 15,339.Modern wagon wars continues: Toyota sold 9,407 Highlanders, (+39.1 percent), Chevy sold 6,690 Traverses, Honda sold 6,430 Pilots (-15.3 percent), Dodge sold 4,165 Journeys (+21 percent) and Ford sold 3,631 Flexes (+64.7 percent).The new Camaro continues to be in short supply. Chevy sold 7,113, vs. 6,686 Ford Mustangs (-37.6 percent) and 886 Dodge Challengers (-69 percent).GM will build some 2010 G6s for fleet customers, LaNeve said, making it the last Pontiac.The New GM of Chevy, Buick, GMC and Cadillac, sold 160,078 vehicles, a couple thousand more than Ford/Lincoln/Mercury but short of Toyota.Toyota-Scion-Lexus: 174,872, off 11.4 percent.Toyota division accounted for 156,355 (including Scions), off 10.8 percent, making Toyota the U.S.’ best-selling brand.Lexus fell 16.5 percent to 18,517.Prius jumped 29.7 percent to 19,173. Camry sales fell 19.4 percent to a still-strong 33,974.RAV4 may have benefited from the clunkers credit, up 32.5 percent to 15,912.Midsize pickups also are doing well. Tacoma was up 7.6 percent to 12,552.Monthly Scion numbers: 6,754, vs. 11,906 in July ’08.Ford-Lincoln-Mercury: 158,838, up 2 percent.Focus was Ford’s best-selling car, up 43.6 percent to 21,830.Fusion was up 66 percent to 17,610.F-150 remains Ford’s best-selling vehicle, off 19 percent to 36,327.Escape was up 94.2 percent to 20,241.Ranger was up 64.5 percent to 7,695. Looks like another Cash for Clunkers winner.Taurus was off 57.1 percent to 1,760 as Ford ramped down the old model.Mercury Milan was up 59.8 percent to 2,934 while Mariner was up 70.5 percent to 3,682 as the Lincoln side of the showroom suffered a 24.3 percent drop.Inventory of 295,000 vehicles, averaging less than a 50-day supply, is 41 percent thinner than at the end of July ’08.Honda-Acura: 114,690, off 17.3 percent.That’s 106,028 Hondas, off 15.8 percent, and 8,662 Acuras, off 32.5 percent.Civic was up 3.1 percent to 30,037.Accord was off 28.1 percent to 29,774.Fit was off 27.6 percent to 8,876 but CR-V was up 9.9 percent to 19,151.Acura RDX was off 62.5 percent to 519 and TSX was off 35.8 percent to 2,232.Chrysler LLC: 88,900, off 9 percent.Winners were small models, helped by heavy incentives. Chrysler PT Cruiser was up 24 percent to 4,092 sold.Jeep Patriot was up 134 percent to 8,084 and Compass was up 95 percent.Jeep Wrangler, which posted increases for the first five months of the year, was down for the second month in a row, off 25 percent to 4,540.Dodge Caliber was up 63 percent to 7,814.Avenger was up 30 percent to 5,616.Sebring was off 27 percent to 2,781. Chrysler has sold 13,466 for the entire year so far, well below Ford Fusion’s monthly sales.Chrysler Town & Country fell 15 percent to 6,837. Dodge Caravan was up 15 percent to 8,405, however.Ram was off 17 percent to 17,723.Nissan-Infiniti: 71,847, off 24.6 percent.Nissan division was off 24.8 percent to 64,751.Infiniti was off 23.3 percent to 7,096.Nissan Versa was off just 2 percent to 8,530, though Sentra fell 13.5 percent to 9,496.Rogue sales were up 3.8 percent to 6,770.Z was up 11.9 percent to 890. Inexplicably, Infiniti QX56 was up 0.4 percent to 553.Nissan GT-R was off by 19 units to 128.OTHERS …Hyundai says 22 percent of its trade-ins were “clunkers.” Sales rose 12 percent, to 45,553. Accent, Sonata, Elantra and Genesis all posted gains and Santa Fe was down very slightly.Kia sold 29,345 units, up 1,324 units from last July. Subaru was up an impressive 34 percent, to 21,839. Mazda sold 19,032, off 15.1 percent.BMW Group, including Mini, was off 26.7 percent, to 21,253. BMW brand sold 16,381, off 31.5 percent. Mini was off 3.8 percent, to 4,872. Only all-ne
w models gained sales last month; BMW Z4 (up 33.8-percent) and 7 Series (up 14.5 percent), and Mini Cooper convertible (up 45.1 percent).Cash for Clunkers helped Volkswagen, which was up 0.7 percent, to 20,590 while Audi says it outperformed the premium segment, dropping just 5.8 percent, to 6,407. The clunkers program does not help with new cars north of $45,000.Mercedes-Benz USA, sold 17,646, including 16,228 Mercedes (off 21.7 percent) and 1,418 smarts, off 44.6 percent.Jaguar Land Rover fell 25 percent, to 2,607. Jaguar was down 45 percent, to 785 cars and Land Rover was down 11 percent, to 1,822.
Source : blogs.motortrend.com/6564996/car-news/july-sales-cash-for-clunkers-spurs-fomoco-toyota-regains-second-place/index.html

Caddyshock! GM Bets Big On Cadillac

The Future of American Luxury Is At Stake! We Take An In-Depth Look At What’s Coming For the Brand
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Cadillac Models

Historical and classic

1902-1903 Cadillac runabout and tonneau ? 72?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
1903-1904 Cadillac Model A ? 72?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
1904 Cadillac Models A and B

Model A ? 72?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model B ? 76?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine

1905 Cadillac Models B, C, D, E and F

Model B ? 76?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model C ? 72?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model D ? 100?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
Model E ? 74?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model F ? 76?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine

1906 Cadillac Models H, K, L, and M

Model H ? 102?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
Model K ? 74?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model L ? 110?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
Model M ? 76?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine

1907 Cadillac Models G, H, K, and M

Model G ? 100?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
Model H ? 102?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
Model K ? 74?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model M ? 76?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine

1908 Cadillac Models G, H, M, S and T

Model G ? 100?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
Model H ? 102?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
Model M ? 76?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model S ? 82?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
Model T ? 82?in wheelbase single-cylinder engine

1909-1911 Cadillac Model Thirty

1909 ? 106?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
1910 ? 110?in wheelbase; 120?in wheelbase (limousine) four-cylinder engine Fisher
1911 ? 116?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher

1912 ? Cadillac Model 1912; 116?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher
1913 ? Cadillac Model 1913; 120?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher
1914 ? Cadillac Model 1914; 120? and 134?in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher
1915 ? Cadillac Type 51; 122? and 145?in wheelbase V8 Fisher
1916 ? Cadillac Type 53; 122? 132? and 145?in wheelbase V8 Fisher
1917 ? Cadillac Type 55; 125? and 145?in wheelbase V8 Fisher
1918-1919 Cadillac Type 57; 125? 132? and 145?in wheelbase V8 Fisher
1920-1921 Cadillac Type 59; 122? and 132?in wheelbase V8 Fisher
1922-1923 Cadillac Type 61; 132?in wheelbase V8 Fisher
1924 ? Cadillac Type V-63; 132? and 145?in wheelbase V8 Fisher
1925 ? Cadillac Type V-63; 132? 138? and 145?in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
1926-1927 Cadillac Series 314; 132? 138? and 150?in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
1928 ? Cadillac Series 341-A; 140? and 152?in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
1929 ? Cadillac Series 341-B; 140? and 152?in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
1930 Cadillac Series 353, 370 and 452 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 353 ? 140? and 152?in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
Series 370 ? 140? 143? and 152?in wheelbase V12 Fisher Fleetwood
Series 452 ? 148?in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood

1931 Cadillac Series 355, 370-A and 452-A Fisher Fleetwood

Series 355 ? 134? and 152?in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood
Series 370-A ? 140? 143? and 152?in wheelbase V12 Fleetwood
Series 452-A ? 148?in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood

1932 Cadillac Series 355-B, 370-B and 452-B Fisher Fleetwood

Series 355-B ? 134? and 156?in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
Series 370-B ? 140? and 156?in wheelbase V12 Fisher Fleetwood
Series 452-B ? 143?and 149?in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood

1933 Cadillac Series 355-C, 370-C and 452-C Fisher Fleetwood

Series 355-C ? 140? and 156?in wheelbase V8
Series 370-C ? 134? 140? and 156?in wheelbase V12
Series 452-C ? 143? and 149?in wheelbase V16

1934 Cadillac Series 10, 20, 30 and 452-D Fisher Fleetwood

Series 10 ? 128?in wheelbase V8
Series 20 ? 136?in wheelbase V8
Series 30 ? 146?in wheelbase V8
Series 370-D ? 146?in wheelbase V12
Series 452-D ? 154?in wheelbase V16

1935 Cadillac Series 10, 20, 30 and 452-D Fisher Fleetwood

Series 10 ? 128?in wheelbase V8
Series 20 ? 136?in wheelbase V8
Series 30 ? 146?in wheelbase V8
Series 370-D ? 146?and 160?in wheelbase V12
Series 452-D or 60 ? 154?in wheelbase V16

1936 Cadillac Series 36-60, 36-70, 36-75, 36-80, 36-85, 36-90 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 36-60 ? 121?in wheelbase V8
Series 36-70 ? 131?in wheelbase V8
Series 36-75 ? 138?in wheelbase V8
Series 36-80 ? 131?and 160?in wheelbase V12
Series 36-85 ? 138?in wheelbase V12
Series 36-80 ? 154?in wheelbase V16

1937 Cadillac Series 36-60, 37-65, 37-70, 37-75, 37-85, 37-90 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 37-60 ? 124? and 160.75?in wheelbase V8
Series 37-65 ? 131?in wheelbase V8
Series 37-70 ? 131?in wheelbase V8
Series 37-75 ? 138? and 156?in wheelbase V8
Series 37-85 ? 138?in wheelbase V12
Series 37-80 ? 154?in wheelbase V16

1938 Cadillac Series 38-60, 38-60S, 38-65, 38-75, 38-90 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 38-60 ? 124? and 160?in wheelbase V8
Series 38-60S ? 127?in wheelbase V8
Series 38-65 ? 132? in wheelbase V8
Series 38-75 ? 141? and 160?in wheelbase V8
Series 38-90 ? 141?in wheelbase V16

1939 Cadillac Series 39-60S, 39-65, 39-75, 39-90 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 39-60S ? 127?in wheelbase V8
Series 39-61 ? 126? and 162_?in wheelbase V8
Series 39-75 ? 141? and 161_?in wheelbase V8
Series 39-90 ? 141?in wheelbase V16

1940 Cadillac Series 40-60S, 40-62, 40-72, 40-75, 40-90 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 40-60S ? 127?in wheelbase V8
Series 40-62 ? 129?in wheelbase V8
Series 40-72 ? 138? and 165_?in wheelbase V8
Series 40-75 ? 141? and 161_?in wheelbase V8
Series 40-90 ? 141?in wheelbase V16

1941 Cadillac Series 41-60S, 41-61, 41-62, 41-63, 41-67, 41-75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 41-60S ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 41-61 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 41-62 ? 126? and 163?in wheelbase V8
Series 41-63 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 41-67 ? 139?in wheelbase V8
Series 41-75 ? 136? and 163?in wheelbase V8

1942 Cadillac Series 42-60S, 42-61, 42-62, 42-63, 42-67, 42-75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 42-60S Fleetwood ? 133?in wheelbase V8
Series 42-61 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 42-62 ? 129?in wheelbase V8
Series 42-63 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 42-67 ? 139?in wheelbase V8
Series 42-75 ? 136? and 163?in wheelbase V8

1946 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 133?in wheelbase V8
Series 61 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 129?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 136?in wheelbase V8

1947 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 133?in wheelbase V8
Series 61 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 129?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 138?in wheelbase V8

1948-1949 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 63, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 133?in wheelbase V8
Series 61 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 136?in wheelbase V8

Finned Fifties

Chiang Kai-shek’s Cadillac

1950-1951 Cadillac Series 60S, 61, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Series 61 ? 122?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 146.75?in wheelbase V8

1952 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 147?in wheelbase V8

1953 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 126?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 146.75?in wheelbase V8

1954-1955 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 133?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 129?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 149.8?in wheelbase V8

1956 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 133?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 129?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 149.75?in wheelbase V8

1957-1958 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 70, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 133?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 129.5?in wheelbase V8
Series 70 ? 126?in wheelbase V8 “Eldorado Brougham”
Series 75 ? 149.7?in wheelbase V8

1959-1960 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 63, 64, 69, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Series 63 ? 130?in wheelbase V8″De Ville” sub-series
Series 64 ? 130?in wheelbase V8″Eldorado” sub-series
Series 69 ? 130?in wheelbase V8 “Eldorado Brougham”
Series 75 ? 149.75?in wheelbase V8

Sixties and Seventies

1961-1964 Cadillac Series 60S, 62, 75 Fisher Fleetwood

Series 60S Fleetwood ? 129.5?in wheelbase V8
Series 62 ? 129.5?in wheelbase V8
Series 75 ? 149.8?in wheelbase V8

1965-1966 Cadillac “Calais”, “De Ville” and “Fleetwood” Series Fisher Fleetwood

Calais ? 129.5?in wheelbase V8
DeVille/Coupe de Ville ? 129.5?in wheelbase V8
Fleetwood ? 133? 149.8? and 156?in wheelbase V8

1967-1970 Cadillac “Calais”, “De Ville” and “Fleetwood” Series Fisher Fleetwood

Calais ? 129.5?in wheelbase V8
DeVille/Coupe de Ville ? 129.5?in wheelbase V8
Fleetwood ? 120? 133? 149.8? and 156?in wheelbase V8

1970-1973 Cadillac “Calais”, “De Ville” and “Fleetwood” Series Fisher Fleetwood

Calais ? 130?in wheelbase V8
DeVille/Coupe de Ville ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Fleetwood ? 126.3? 133? 151.5 ? and 157.5?in wheelbase V8

1974 ? Cadillac “Calais”, “De Ville” and “Fleetwood” Series Fisher Fleetwood

Calais ? 130?in wheelbase V8
DeVille/Coupe de Ville ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Fleetwood ? 126? 133? 151.5 ? and 157.5?in wheelbase V8

1975 ? Cadillac “Calais”, “De Ville”, “Seville” and “Fleetwood” Series Fisher Fleetwood

Calais ? 130?in wheelbase V8
DeVille/Coupe de Ville ? 130?in wheelbase V8
Seville ? 114.3?in wheelbase V8
Fleetwood ? 126.3? 133? 151.5 and 157.5?in wheelbase V8

Alphabetical model summary

1987-1993 Cadillac Allante
1985-1992 Cadillac Brougham
1965-1976 Cadillac Calais
1975-1976 Cadillac Castilian Station Wagon
1997-2001 Cadillac Catera
1982-1988 Cadillac Cimarron
1935-1983 Cadillac commercial chassis
1949-2005 Cadillac DeVille
1949-1993 Cadillac Coupe de Ville
1953-2002 Cadillac Eldorado
1956-1964 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz
1957-1960 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham
1956-1960 Cadillac Eldorado Seville
1965-2003 Cadillac Fleetwood Eldorado
1927-1996 Cadillac Fleetwood
1975-2004 Cadillac Seville
1938-1993 Cadillac Sixty Special

Current

The emblem on the front of the Cadillac Escalade

2006-present Cadillac XLR-V
2006-present Cadillac STS-V
2004-present Cadillac CTS-V
2010-present Cadillac ATS (US, Canada, Ireland, Germany and U.K. only)
2006-present Cadillac BLS (Europe, Middle East, Asia, Mexico, and South Africa only)
2003-present Cadillac CTS
2006-present Cadillac DTS
1999-present Cadillac Escalade full-sized SUV
2003-present Cadillac Escalade ESV top of the line SUV
2002-present Cadillac Escalade EXT pickup truck
2004-present Cadillac SRX
2005-present Cadillac STS
2004-present Cadillac XLR

Concepts, prototypes

Cadillac V-16 Aero coupe ? 1933
Cadillac Caribbean, Coupe de Ville, El Rancho, Embassy ? 1949
Cadillac Debutante ? 1950
Cadillac custom roadster for Bill Boyer ? 1951-52
Cadillac Eldorado and Townsman ? 1952
Cadillac Le Mans and Orleans ? 1953
Cadillac El Camino, La Espada, Park Avenue ? 1954
Cadillac Celebrity, Eldorado Brougham, La Salle II, Eldorado St. Moritz, Westchester ? 1955
Cadillac Castilian, Gala, Maharani, Palomino, Eldorado Brougham and Eldorado Brougham Town Car ? 1956
Cadillac Director ? 1957
Cadillac “Rain Car” and 4-door Eldorado Seville ? 1958
Cadillac Cyclone ? 1959
Cadillac 4-door phaeton ? 1960
Cadillac Florentine ? 1964
Cadillac CART-PPG ? 1985
Cadillac Voyage ? 1988
Cadillac Solitaire ? 1989
Cadillac Aurora ? 1990
Cadillac Evoq ? 1999
Cadillac Vizon ? 2000
Cadillac Imaj ? 2001
Cadillac Cien ? 2002
Cadillac Sixteen ? 2003
Cadillac Provoq ? 2008
Cadillac CTS Coupe – 2008

wikipedia

Cadillac History

Founding

Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company when Henry Ford departed along with several of his key partners and the company was dissolved. With the intent of liquidating the firm’s assets, Ford’s financial backers, William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company to appraise the plant and equipment prior to selling them. Instead, Leland persuaded them to continue the automobile business using Leland’s proven 1-cylinder engine. Henry Ford’s departure required a new name, and on August 22, 1902, the company reformed as the Cadillac Automobile Company. Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing and the Cadillac Automobile Company merged in 1905.

The Cadillac automobile was named after the 17th century French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, who founded Detroit in 1701.

Contributions to the Automotive Industry
Cadillac helped to define advanced engineering, luxury and style early in automotive history and its vehicles would come to be known amongst the world’s finest-made. Precision manufacturing of truly interchangeable parts was an award-winning industry first in 1908. Cadillac was the first manufacturer to release cars with a fully enclosed cab as factory equipment in 1910. In 1912, Cadillac was the first manufacturer to incorporate an electrical system that consisted of cranking, lighting and ignition. In 1915 they were the first to regulate engine cooling by thermostatic means, and in 1922 the first to introduce thermostatic control of engine carburetion. Cadillac was also the first to build inherent balance in the V-8 in 1923.

In 1912 Cadillac became the first manufacturer to offer an electric starter as standard equipment. It was developed by Charles Kettering and was marketed as a convenience device for female drivers. Anecdotally, Henry Leland insisted on this after a close friend was killed by a hand crank when his engine backfired. By allowing anyone to safely start a car, the electric starter ensured the dominance of the internal-combustion engine over steam or electric, even though the internal-combustion engine was not necessarily superior to steam in emissions, fuel economy, range, or performance at that time.

In July 1917, the United States Army needed a dependable staff car and they chose the Cadillac Type 55 Touring Model after exhaustive tests on the Mexican border. Several Cadillacs, used as testing platforms, passed the rigorous tests and as a result, 2,350 units of the Model 55 were supplied for use in France by officers of the American Expeditionary Force during WW I. Not one mechanical change was needed other than the requirement of khaki-brown paint.

Cadillac was the first manufacturer to utilize the skills of a designer to style a car’s body instead of an engineer in 1927. It introduced shatter-resistant safety glass in 1926. In 1928, Cadillac’s engineers were the first to design a fully-synchronized manual transmission using constant-mesh gears to prevent clashing upon executing a shift which increased drivability. Cadillac also introduced the ‘Turret Top’, the first all steel roof on a passenger car. Previously the center of the roof was made from leather covered wood. The Turret Top increased safety and was quieter. The marque was instrumental in the early development of the automatic transmission beginning in 1932; then in 1941, it became the first luxury car nameplate to offer an automatic transmission, GM’s Hydra-Matic (introduced the previous year by sister division Oldsmobile).

For the 1914 model year Cadillac introduced the first production V8 engine. Also about this same time the MacManus advertising agency created the beautifully written “Penalty of Leadership”, a one-time-only print ad which became a huge success. Cadillac salespeople requested copies for themselves as well as their customers, and the sales immediately increased. In 1945 (nearly thirty years after it ran), this ad was voted the best ad of all time by those in the industry. According to Advertising Age, this campaign is ranked 49th out of the top 100 ad campaigns of all time (Advertising Age 1998). Cadillac offered the first production V-16 engine (that included the world’s first hydraulic valve lifters) from 1930 through 1940,as well as a V-12 from 1931 through 1937. Cadillac, along with Buick and Oldsmobile, introduced the production independent wishbone front suspension in 1934. The marque introduced tailfins for 1948. The Eldorado Brougham of 1957 offered the first instance of a ‘memory seat’ function, allowing seat positions to be saved and recalled for different drivers. The first fully automatic heater/AC system was introduced in 1964. This system allowed the driver to set a desire temperature and the Climate Control maintained the temperature automatically. From the late 1960s onward, Cadillac offered a fiber-optic indication system which alerted the driver of a failed light bulb. Dual airbags were offered on some Cadillac models from 1974 to 1977.

Cadillac

Cadillac is a brand of luxury vehicles owned by General Motors. Cadillac vehicles are officially sold in over 50 countries and territories, with the majority sold in the United States and Canada. In the mid-20th century, the name became a synonym for “high quality”, used in such phrases as “the Cadillac of watches,” referring to a Rolex. Cadillac’s current slogan is Life. Liberty. And The Pursuit., in reference to the inalienable rights stressed in the United States Declaration of Independence.

Type
Division of GM

Founded
1902

Headquarters
Detroit, Michigan

Key people
Henry M. Leland

Industry
Automobile, bicycles

Products
Luxury vehicles

Parent
General Motors (1909-present)

Website
cadillac.co